Anorexia y bulimia: el timo de las princesas

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Anorexia y bulimia: el timo de las princesas


Se llaman a sí mismas Anas (anorexia) y Mías (bulimia), se consideran princesas que buscan la perfección física. Llevan en su muñeca izquierda pulseras rojas o violetas respectivamente. Así se identifican unas a otras.

 

No comen, o comen demasiado y vomitan, hacen ejercicio exagerado y engañan a sus familias. Se pasan los trucos en la Red para no ser descubiertas en casa. No es un cuento de hadas, no son seres etéreos y bellos, no hay estética en lo que hacen, por mucho que ellas lo crean. Viven en el peor de los mundos y la sociedad todavía lo consiente.
“Si te entran ganas de comer, pon la tele y busca una serie donde salga una modelo, una chica guapa y delgada…” aconseja una anoréxica experta a una principiante, o miles o a millones, a todas las que pongan en Google “pro ana o pro mia”.  
Desde la FEACAB (Federación Española de Asociaciones de Ayuda y Lucha contra la Anorexia y la Bulimia nerviosas) consideran que la presión de la sociedad que te induce a estar delgado, la falta de autonomía personal, el miedo a madurar, la falta de autoestima, el ser perfeccionista y tener mucho autocontrol son las causa principales de estos trastornos. El problema, el modelo de sociedad al que tendemos, hace especial daño a los adolescentes porque no disponen de los medios de defensa de un adulto.
Asimismo, desde la asociación nos ponen en alerta frente a determinados comportamientos: el bajo peso, y pérdida continuada, creerse gorda, reducir la ingesta de comida, volverse introvertida, agresiva, triste y tendente al aislamiento, valorar demasiado la belleza y el triunfo aparente, sufrir dificultades con los estudios, comer sola, hacer demasiado ejercicio, consumir diuréticos y laxantes, perder la menstruación, tener frío y estreñimiento, comer demasiado (en el caso de las bulímicas), ir al baño después de comer, debilidad en los dientes, etc.
Además, en Internet proporcionan a las niñas formas de autocontrol propias de expertos terroristas alimentarios: le están enseñando a hacer una bomba con su propio cuerpo, a matar el hambre y la voluntad, a empezar un camino que no tiene fin. No vamos a reproducir ninguna de esas recomendaciones para no hacernos eco pero aconsejamos a los padres que estén muy atentos a cualquier comportamiento anormal o variación en el peso de las menores.
Sin embargo sí vamos a contar algunos de los miles de trucos que se dan unas a otras. Trucos que conviene que los padres tengamos en cuenta: comer solo cuando te vean, usar jarras para beber y echar los bocados dentro, coger comida de vez en cuando y meterla en la habitación, luego devolverla como si la hubieran comprado otra vez, decir que sales con los amigos e irte a correr, usar prendas anchas para que no noten la pérdida de peso, no decir que estás gorda, o cosas por el estilo.
Aunque a estas alturas que la OMS (Organización Mundial de la Salud) lo considere un trastorno mental y de comportamiento es una obviedad, resulta imprescindible para que la sociedad ponga todos los medios a su alcance para acabar con esta lacra. La Comunidad de Madrid, por su parte, con la participación de varias consejerías, ha puesto en marcha un Pacto Social para conseguir que los comercios, los creativos publicitarios, el mundo de la moda y los medios de comunicación se impliquen y no impongan un prototipo de mujer, eviten hablar de dietas en programas para menores, colaboren con las autoridades, no utilicen niños como modelos, etc.  
 
También ha habilitado un teléfono de información sobre trastornos alimentarios 900 60 50 40, para resolver las dudas de padres y adolescentes. Desde la Red también luchan instituciones y asociaciones para contrarrestar desde dentro la mayor fuente de desinformación que manejan estas niñas, niñas que desde su habitación escriben cosas como estas: “Mañana seguiré con Mia, si estoy con ella un tiempo, después Ana serás más fácil porque no me darán ganas de comer ;) o al menos eso es lo que me pasa siempre”.
 
 
Direcciones de interés:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Susana López
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Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons
Comentarios (113)
maria jose
2013-05-04 01:00:21

mi hija tiene 22años y tiene bulimia yo no tengo idea esto me supera no se como ayudarla. hemos ido a un terapeuta pero las medidas son muy drásticas ella tiene mucho miedo y yo no se que hacer , quisiera saber si hay alguna asociación de padres en gerona que estén en mi misma situación y me puedan informar y ayudar a comprender y así poder ayudar a mi hija... muchas gracias.

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